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How to Calculate Darts




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key takeaways:

  • Accurately calculating darts scores is foundational to the game, demanding a blend of mental arithmetic, focus, and swift decision-making.
  • A standard dartboard is 18 inches in diameter and segmented into 20 sections, each numbered between 1 to 20. The two crucial rings, the outer “double ring” and the inner “triple ring”, multiply the section’s value by two and three, respectively.
  • The objective of darts, regardless of format, is to reduce your score to zero. The 501 game format, the most common, requires players to decrement from 501, finishing by hitting a double.
  • Every section of the dartboard has a specific number value. When darts land in the double or triple rings, the section’s value is multiplied accordingly.


Calculating darts scores accurately is a fundamental aspect of the game. Whether you’re a beginner learning the basics or an experienced player looking to refine your scoring abilities, this comprehensive guide is here to help you understand the intricacies of calculating darts scores effectively. From simple arithmetic to advanced strategies, we will explore various methods and techniques that will enhance your scoring precision and overall performance on the dartboard.

How to Calculate Darts

Whether you enjoy casual games with friends or participate in competitive leagues, understanding how to calculate darts scores effectively is essential for fair play and maintaining a competitive edge. So, let’s dive into this comprehensive guide and unlock the secrets to becoming a skilled and accurate scorer in the thrilling world of darts.

In this guide, we will cover essential topics such as the scoring system, the different sections of the dartboard, and how to calculate scores for various dart game formats such as 501, 301, and Cricket. We will also delve into strategies for maximizing your scoring potential, including aiming for high-value areas, utilizing combinations, and employing game management techniques.

To calculate darts, add the points from each throw. If you hit the bullseye, that’s 50 points! Outer ring is double, inner ring is triple. Check the number you hit and multiply if needed. Add all throws to get your total score. Practice makes perfect! 🎯

The Basics of Darts

Before we dive into scoring and calculations, it’s essential to understand the basics of darts.

The Board

A standard dartboard is circular and measures 18 inches in diameter. It is divided into 20 numbered sections, each of which has a score value ranging from 1 to 20. The board also includes two circular rings: the outer and inner rings. The outer ring is known as the “double ring,” while the inner ring is known as the “triple ring.”

The Dartboard

The Dart

A dart is a small, pointed missile that is used to play darts. Darts are typically made of tungsten, brass, or nickel silver. They consist of three main parts: the barrel, the shaft, and the flight.

When you toss a dart, the section you grip is known as the barrel. The shaft connects the barrel to the flight, which is the wing-shaped part at the end of the dart.

The Game

Darts can be played in various formats, such as 501, 301, or cricket. The most common format is 501, which requires players to start with a score of 501 and reduce their score to zero by hitting specific sections of the board. Players take turns throwing three darts each. The player who reaches zero first and hits a double ring to finish wins the game.

Scoring in Darts

Scoring in darts can be confusing, especially if you’re new to the game. Here’s how the scoring system works.

Scoring in Darts

The Scoring System

The basic principle of scoring in darts is to hit specific numbered targets on the dartboard. The standard dartboard is divided into 20 numbered sections, ranging from 1 to 20. Each section is divided into two colored rings, an outer ring called the double ring, and an inner ring called the triple ring.

The Double Ring

The double ring, which is the outer ring of each numbered section, is worth twice the value of the section it surrounds. So, if a dart lands in the double ring of the number 10 section, it would be worth 20 points (10 x 2).

The Triple Ring

The triple ring, which is the inner ring of each numbered section, is worth three times the value of the section it surrounds. If a dart lands in the triple ring of the number 15 section, it would be worth 45 points (15 x 3).

It’s important to note that hitting the double or triple ring does not count as hitting the number twice or three times, respectively. It simply multiplies the score of that single dart.

Understanding the double and triple rings is essential for accurate dart calculations. In the next section, we’ll explain the scoring process in more detail.

How to Calculate Darts

The scoring process in darts is simple. The score for each dart thrown is added to the player’s total score, and the first player to reach a specific target score (usually 501 or 301) wins the game.

To calculate the score for each dart thrown, follow these steps:

  • Determine the section that the dart has landed in. The score is determined by the number in the section.
  • Determine if the dart has landed in the double or triple ring. If it has, multiply the score by 2 or 3, respectively.
  • Add the score of the dart to the player’s total score.

For example, if a player throws three darts and they land in the 20, 5, and triple 15 sections, their total score for that turn would be:

20 (1 x 2) + 5 + 15 (3 x 3) = 71

Example Calculations

To further illustrate the scoring process, here are a few example calculations:

  • Single 20 = 20 points
  • Double 20 = 40 points
  • Triple 20 = 60 points
  • Single 19 = 19 points
  • Double 19 = 38 points
  • Triple 19 = 57 points
  • Single 3 = 3 points
  • Double 3 = 6 points
  • Triple 3 = 9 points

Tips for Accurate Dart Calculations

To improve your dart calculations, try the following tips:

  • Practice mental math skills. Being able to quickly calculate scores in your head is essential for accurate dart scoring.
  • Use a scoreboard to keep track of scores. This will help prevent mistakes and make it easier to keep track of each player’s score.
  • Take your time. It’s better to take a few extra seconds to calculate the score accurately than to rush and make a mistake.

Common Mistakes to Avoid

Here are a few common mistakes to avoid when calculating darts:

  • Forgetting to multiply the score by 2 or 3 when the dart lands in the double or triple ring.
  • Miscalculating the score of a dart due to mental errors.
  • Miscounting the number of darts thrown in a turn.

By being aware of these mistakes and taking steps to prevent them, you can improve your accuracy in dart scoring.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Do I Calculate the Score in Darts?

To calculate your score in darts, subtract the value of the darts you throw from your starting score. For example, if you start with 501 and hit a single 20, a triple 18, and a double 16 (totaling 100 points), you subtract 100 from your starting score to get your new total.

What Happens if I Go Below Zero in Darts?

In most game formats, if your score goes below zero, you “bust” and your turn ends. Your score will revert back to what it was before your turn began, and you’ll need to try again on your next turn.

How Do I Score a Bullseye?

The bullseye is worth 50 points and is typically divided into two parts: the inner bullseye (red or green) called the “double bull,” which is worth 50 points, and the outer bullseye (black or white) called the “single bull,” which is worth 25 points.

How Are Scores Calculated in Game Formats Like Cricket?

In Cricket, players aim to “close” specific numbers (15-20 and the bullseye) by hitting them three times. Each hit on a number counts as one “mark.” The score is calculated based on the number of marks earned and subtracted from the opponent’s score. The first player or team to close all numbers and have a higher score wins.

What Happens if I Hit a Number More Than Three Times in Cricket?

In Cricket, hitting a number more than three times, known as “over marking,” doesn’t grant additional points. Once a number is closed with three marks, further hits on that number do not count towards your score or affect the opponent’s score.

How Do I Calculate Scores in Game Formats Like 301 or 501?

In game formats like 301 or 501, players start with a designated score (e.g., 301 or 501) and aim to reduce it to zero. The score is calculated by subtracting the value of each dart thrown from the current score. The game is won by reaching exactly zero with a double or a bullseye.

Are There Any Advanced Scoring Strategies I Can Use?

Advanced scoring strategies involve targeting specific areas on the dartboard to maximize scoring opportunities. For example, aiming for triple segments (worth three times the value) can help reduce the score quickly. Planning ahead and using combinations of numbers strategically can also give you an advantage.

What Happens if I Miss the Board Entirely?

If you miss the dartboard entirely, the score for that throw is zero, and your turn continues with the remaining darts.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, calculating darts scores can be challenging, especially for beginners. However, with practice and understanding of the scoring system, it can become easier and more intuitive. Remember to aim for the triple ring for the highest score, and to take care in calculating the score accurately to avoid any mistakes. With the tips and information provided in this article, you can improve your dart scoring skills and enjoy the game even more. We have explored how to calculate darts.

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